Uzbek Ceramics

The most ancient kind of Uzbek art is the ceramics.

Ceramic jars, referred to deep ancientry, are covered with big rhombi, triangles, escribed into square crosses. These symbols had the meaning for protecting of jar from adversity. On the fragments of ancient ceramics there are images of goats, eagles, and those images show that the are called to serve the Good, contesting the Evil.

In the period of antiquity the beauty of the form of jar had been especially valuable in Central Asian ceramics. In Kushan ceramics the decoration of handles of jars with figurines of animals; goat, sheep, hedgehog, monkey, had got distribution, and those had been made by manual embossment. Images of animals are protectors, which guard the content of a jar from evil forces.

Immense importance for the development of ceramics in the region had the invention of special paints decorating earthenware. Besides aesthetic value of glassy stainers, their use allowed to extend possibilities for application of various patterns. First, the alcalic glaze had been discovered. The ornaments were the simplest once of geometric character; large grids or strips. Then ceramic artists had mastered bright-green, yellow and brown-black paints. Since IX-X centuries so called "spotty" "marble looking" ceramics had got the distribution. Great importance had possessed epigraphy; inscriptions with ornament, velleities.

Ornament with plants had appeared on the basis of observations of human being for surrounding nature. In the patterns, which masters depict till present time, there is the reflection of beautiful world of flora. Thus, the depiction of a leaf means awakening of nature in spring. Motive of a fruit of almond ("bodom") is the symbol of happiness, fertility, wealth. The depiction of hot pepper "kalampur" is the amulet against diseases. In its basis there are antiseptic characteristics, rather actual in the countries with hot climate.

Pomegranate with its multiple cherry-red granules is the symbol of bellyful, abundance, beneficence.

In IXX century big artistic schools of ceramics had been formed in Uzbekistan, where Rishtan, Gurumsaray, Gijduvan, Khiva, Shakhrisyabz, Samarkand, Tashkend possessed broad publicity.

Rishtan blue ceramics is well-known. Depiction of knives on the dishes of Rishtan ceramics people link to Chust, the center of famous knives. But, it is rather likely, that the knife is protector from evil.

Artworks of Gurumsaray ceramics are easily recognized according the depiction of jars. This is symbol of water, the basis of life in the Orient.

Today Uzbek ceramics is experiencing new stage, when new artistic centers appear in towns and villages. The Uzbek ceramic artists encarnate in their earthenware the forgotten patterns, putting in them ancient good-minded symbolism.

Here is another article on Uzbek ceramics.