Uzbek carpets

The carpets of Central Asia have deserved recognition in the world. While having raw material for carpets manufacture; wool of camels and sheep, people of Central Asia since ancient times had woven carpets and felts, shipping sacks. Yurt is roving house, which was decorated with carpets. It is preserving warm in winter and saving from hot in summer. The curtain at the entrance was made from carpet tissue, the floor was covered with carpet, the sacks for clothes and dishes were made from carpet tissue, "Khurjun" pair sack for transportation of cargoes on baggage animals also were made from carpet tissue.

Carpets of each tribe, each region differ by their famous coloration, technique of processing, characteristic of composition and ornament.

It is thought, that the pattern of Central Asian carpets was mainly influenced by the carpet belonging to Sasanid tsar Khosrov, who lived in V - VI centuries B.C. Patterns of that hugest carpet depicted tsar diverting garden. Flowerbeds of spring flowers, blooming trees, paths and canals were depicted on it. Leaves of trees and flowers were woven with silk, water was depicted by crystal, gemstones decorated the places with buds and petals. Art image of the garden beautifully implemented in this creation, masterpiece of carpet art, influenced on the ornaments of carpet patterns. Besides, it should be noticed, that in the art picture of oriental human being world the image of garden is linked with "paradise garden" Canaan, where righteous soul of human being is going after death. Climatic conditions of surviving in hot climate turned garden in the very best, in the ideal where golden trees were grown. Jami in the poem "Yusuf and Zuleikha" describes such tree, where "birds are sitting on branches, singing, beaks are rubies, wings are emeralds". Its depiction is called to bring quietude and consolation.

If to watch attentively ornaments of carpets, then they incarnate central flowerbed, central paths, and stripe enframing the whole garden on the perimeter. Plant motives are read rather distinctly ofn carpet patterns.

Zoomorphic motives are rather distributed in the carpets, especially in Turkmen ones. The names themselves have initial basis "white goose", "bird", "goat" and etc. Besides Turkmen carpet masters use the pattern called "tovuk", that means "hen" or "peacock". Both those patterns remind more letters "Н" and "Ж".

Thus, in the result of stylization and convenience weaves threw away small details, head and tail they made symmetrically, and in the result from zoomorphic pattern left only its name. One of the patterns of Turkmen carpet has the name "kalkan nuskha", that means "shield". Possibly, true purpose of the ornament left in that name, it depicted combat shield with heraldic emblem. There are schematic images of people in the form of rhombic, geometric figures.

Bukhara carpets are very famous. They are usually red, brown - red color. Pattern of inner field is formed from nearly located repeating octangles, and the stars are located along edging.

Carpets from Samarkand are usually yellow and blue colors. Three medallions are usually located on the field. Sometimes the field is covered by rhythmically located geometric patterns. Samarkand weavers usually locate "meandr" Greek geometric pattern at the edging.

The production of palases, stripped carpets which have no fluff and are woven from cotton and Deccan hemp, is rather developed in Uzbekistan.