Madrassah of Muhammad Amin-khan

Madrassah of Muhammad Amin-khan, Khiva

The biggest medieval madrassah in Khiva, Madrassah of Muhammad Amin-khan (1845-1855) is located opposite to Kunya-Arkatthe gates of Ata-darvaza. Its area is 78x60 m. Madrassah has 125 hudjras and could receive up to 260 pupils. The portal is crowned with five domes and flanked by corner towers. 

The inscription reads: "This perfect building will eternally stand brightening descendants". Hudjras on the second floor have loggias. They give a distinctive feature to the madrassah-open arch niches along external perimeter of the building. Rich decor includes brick mosaics, majolica, ornamentally carved doors and ganch lattices (pandjara) of windows.

Madrassah of Muhammad Rahim-khan

Madrassah of Muhammad Rahim-khan is located opposite to the gates of Kunya-Ark. Madrassah is one of the biggest in Khiva. It was constructed in 1876 by order of Seyid Muhammad-Rahim II (1863-1910), known also as a poet under assumed name of Feruzshah.

In 1873 the Russian army invaded the khanate and established Russian protectorate. The rectangular building of madrassah has four-aivan courtyard and small towers at corners. Wings with five-beam arcade of niches flank its portal. Hudjras are roofed with "balkhi" domes and have utility rooms in addition to dwelling rooms.