Djuma Mosque in Khiva

Cathedral mosque of Khiva, otherwise Djuma-Mosque is located in Ichan-Qala by the road going from the gates of Palvan-darva-za to Ata-darvaza. It is typically archaic mosque with flat ceiling on columns that has no analogues in Central Asia.

 Ancient Arabian mosques had the similar layout. Today's building was constructed in the 18th century. Moon lighting through three holes in the ceiling and carved wooden columns create exclusive atmosphere for praying. There are two hundred twelve columns. The majority of them were cut from wood trunks in the 18th- 19th centuries. Some of them were made from ruined medieval buildings.

The most ancient columns might be taken from the medieval Khorezm capital-Kyat lay on the bottom of the Amu Darya. Twenty one columns date from the 10th-12th centuries and have Arabian inscriptions in Kufi. Four columns remind the columns in Bagbanly Mosque with inscriptions in Naskh. The columns of the 18th-19th centuries are well recognized due to typical Khiva's floral-vegetative pattern.

The columns are leveled by means of different stone beddings and bases. Mihrab is roofed with ganch semi-dome with floral pattern of iris and brier on its sides. 

One curious fact stands out particularity- five Khiva's minarets are located on the same line at distance of about 200 m. Minaret of Djuma-Mosque occupies the central point. Kalta-Minor stands to the west from it and farther the minaret of Biki-Djan-bika. Minaret of Seyid-biy Mosque and Palvan-kari Minaret locate to the east. Diameter of Djuma-Mosque's Minaret is 6.2 m at basis; height-3.2 m. Eight-arch lantern with stalactite cornice and dome crowns the minaret.