Monuments in Samarkand

Samarkand, also Samarqand is perhaps the most famous city of modern Uzbekistan. The site of Samarkand was settled about 2000 BC. In times of old the city was also known as Afrosiab, and also Maracanda by the Greeks. The city was the capital of Sogdiana, an ancient Persian province, and was conquered by Alexander the Great in 329 BC.

It subsequently grew as a trade center on the route between China and the Mediterranean region. In the early 8th century AD, it was conquered by the Arabs and soon became an important center of Muslim culture. In 1220 Samarkand was almost completely destroyed by the Mongol ruler Genghis Khan. It flourished again when Tamerlane (known as Timur locally) ade it the capital of his empire in 1369. As his capital Timur put Samarkand on the world map and much of the architecture visible today was built by him or his descendants. The empire declined in the 15th century, and nomadic Uzbeks (Shaybanids) took Samarkand in 1500. In 1784 the emirate of Bukhara conquered it. The city was taken by Russia in 1868 and once again began to assume importance. From 1924 to 1930, Samarqand was the capital of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic (SSR).

  • Afrasiab >>>
  • Ak-Saray Mausoleum >>>
  • Bibi-Khanym Mosque >>> 
  • Gur-Emir Mausoleum. Tombs of the Temurids >>>
  • Hazret-Hyzr Mosque >>> 
  • Imam Al Bukhari complex >>> 
  • Mausoleum of Khodja Daniyar >>> 
  • Ulugbek Observatory >>> 
  • Shahi-Zinda necropolis >>> 
  • Registan >>> 
  • Ruhabad Mausoleum >>>